Dystonia is usually diagnosed by a movement disorder neurologist. Proper diagnosis will be contingent on results from a thorough patient history, a careful family history, and complete physical and neurological examinations. Laboratory tests, imaging studies, and even genetic testing may be necessary to reach a diagnosis. Unfortunately, it is common for dystonia to be misdiagnosed or to remain undiagnosed when symptoms are mild. Many physicians are still unfamiliar with the disease. More education is needed to better inform the medical community about the symptoms associated with dystonia, and how to provide proper treatment.
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